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Radiation Safety In Shelters by FEMA

Table of Contents & Downloadble PDF file

 

This 120 page FEMA handbook is the best instructional resource for the practical field use of the specific Civil Defense instruments that we sell, for a real nuclear emergency. Subtitled: "A handbook for finding and providing the best protection in shelters with the use of instruments for detecting nuclear radiation."

It goes far beyond the coverage included in the brief manuals that come with the FEMA Civil Defense survey meters and dosimeters. See the Table of Contents below:


Radiation Safety In Shelters
FEMA CPG 2-6.4 September 23, 1983

Handbook for finding and providing the best protection in shelters
with the use of instruments for detecting radiation.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Cover & Forward cover
CHECKLIST "A" FOR IMMEDIATE ACTION
CHECKLIST "B" STANDARD CHECKLIST FOR RADIOLOGICAL MONITORS

CHAPTER 1 - GENERAL INFORMATION

Why You Need This Handbook 1-1
Selection of Radiological Monitors 1-2
Definitions of Special Terms 1-2
What is Nuclear Radiation? 1-2
How Radioactive Fallout is Produced 1-3
How Nuclear Radiation Harms Our Bodies 1-4
Alpha Radiation 1-4
Beta Radiation 1-4
Gamma Radiation 1-4
How Quantities of Nuclear Radiation are Measured 1-4
How Much Nuclear Radiation is Harmful? 1-5
Natural Background Levels 1-5
Symptoms of Radiation Injury 1-5
Effects and Levels of Sickness from Brief Exposure 1-6
Long-Term Effects 1-8
Contamination of Food and Water 1-9
How You Can Shield Yourself from Gamma Radiation 1-10
How Fallout Radioactivity Arrives and Decays 1-12
Fallout from One Weapon 1-12
Fallout from Many Weapons 1-12
After Fallout Stops Coming Down 1-13
The Seven-Ten Rule 1-13
Radioactive Decay 1-15
Rainout 1-15

CHAPTER 2 - INSTRUMENTS FOR DETECTING NUCLEAR RADIATION

What Is Needed 2-1
What If There Are No Instruments? 2-1
The Survey Meter 2-2
The Dosimeter 2-3
The Dosimeter Charger 2-4

CHAPTER 3 - HOW TO GET YOUR RADIOLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS READY FOR OPERATION

Before You Begin 3-1
Preparation for Using the Survey Meter 3-1
Preliminary 3-1
Installing the Battery in the Survey Meter 3-1
Checking the Battery and the Instrument (operational check) 3-2
Reading the Survey Meter 3-4
Troubleshooting the Survey Meter 3-7
Preparation for Using the Dosimeter Charger 3-7
Preliminary 3-7
Installing the Battery in the Charger 3-8
Checking the Battery and the Dosimeter Charger (operational check) 3-8
Troubleshooting the Dosimeter Charger 3-12
Preparation for Using the Dosimeter 3-13
Preliminary 3-13
Charging or Zeroing the Dosimeter 3-13
Checking the Dosimeter for Leaks 3-15
Reading the Dosimeter 3-16

CHAPTER 4 - RADIATION SAFETY PROCEDURES

Introduction 4-1
Before Fallout Arrives 4-1
Organization of Shelter Population 4-2
Checking Out the Shelter 4-4
Best Protection 4-5
Space 4-8
Radiation Safety Improvement 4-10
Openings and Ventilation 4-10
Materials for Shielding 4-12
Entranceway Problems 4-12
Restroom and Water Locations 4-13
Dosimeter Locations 4-13
Instrument Storage 4-14
Light Sources 4-14
Writing Supplies 4-14
Getting and Checking the Instruments 4-15
Informing the People in the Shelter About Radiation Exposure 4-15
Watching for Fallout to Arrive 4-16
While Fallout is Coming Down 4-19
Decontamination of People Caught in Fallout 4-19
Finding the Places with the Lowest Radiation Levels in the Shelter 4-20
The Time-Averaging Method 4-22
Finding and Covering Up "Leaks" in Gamma Shielding 4-27
Gamma Shielding by People 4-31
Keeping Track of Everyone's Radiation Exposure (Group Dosimetry) 4-32
After Fallout Has Stopped Coming Down 4-33
Forecasting Radiation Exposure 4-33
The Penalty Table 4-37
Use of the Penalty Table as a Guide for Operations 4-38
Checking Radiation Levels Beyond the Immediate Shelter Area 4-40
Leaving the Shelter 4-42

APPENDICES

A. Glossary A-1
B. Conversion of Standard Time Designation to Twenty-Four Hour Time B-1
C. Bibliography C-1
D. Acknowledgement D-1
Sample Forms for RADIATION EXPOSURE RECORD


Adobe Acrobat PDF File of this "Radiation Safety In Shelters" book is at...
http://www.survivalring.org/RadiationSafetyInShelters.pdf


 

NUCLEAR PROTECTION

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